LETTER FROM THE SECRETARY OF WAR, TRANSMITTING DOCUMENTS EXHIBITING THE GENERAL EXPENSES OF THE INDIAN DEPARTMENT, EMBRACING ANNUITIES AND PRESENTS, AND THE GENERAL AND PARTICULAR VIEWS OF THE INDIAN TRADE.

(Crawford, William H.).

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Washington: William A. Davis, 1816. 128 pages, plus nine folding charts. Folio,13 x 8 1/2 inches. Self-wrappers, string ties; a large, uncut copy; library hand stamp on title and deaccession statement. (Item ID: 3751)

Crawford, made Secretary of War by President Madison, discusses amongst other matters, the Indian trade in the far Louisiana Territory and defends the expenditures made by the government for it's native population.
"These views are substantially founded upon the conviction, that it is the true policy and earnest desire of the government to draw its savage neighbors within the pale of civilization. If I am mistaken in this point - if the primary object of the government is to extinguish the Indian title, and settle their lands as rapidly as possible, then commerce with them ought to be entirely abandoned to individual enterprise, and without regulation. The result would be continual warfare, attended by the extermination or expulsion of the aboriginal inhabitants of the country, to more distant and less hospitable regions.... the utter extinction of the Indian race, must be abhorrent to the feelings of an enlightened and benevolent nation.


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